Anxiety is considered one of the evils of the century, and many people suffer from it in different parts of the world. The World Health Organization estimates that 33% of the world population suffers from anxiety. But after all, what is anxiety?
Anxiety is not something new, but it has undoubtedly been worsened over time by various cultural and economic factors. Anxiety can be characterized as an excessive concern with the future, be it the immediate future (some hours) or the distant future (some years); this excess concern brings other feelings that accompany the anxiety, fear, tension, the panic.
However, it occurs in several ways and different intensities; see some examples of the most common types of anxieties:
- Beneficial anxiety: This type of anxiety is considered positive and necessary for everyday life. It moves people to “go to life” to work, study, achieve their goals, and produce; without this type of anxiety, the person is stopped, stagnant, unwilling to perform even the simplest of everyday tasks. It does not cause any suffering or promote physical symptoms, so it is considered beneficial.
- Median Anxiety: Affects a large part of the population, brings physical and psychological symptoms such as mild irritability, lack of concentration, difficulty sleeping, manifests itself in the psyche in a way that impairs the healthy functioning of the individual, bringing tension, fear, concern with situations that they often don’t even happen, but they are already happening in the person’s mind.
- Severe or generalized anxiety: Better known as (TAG), generalized anxiety disorder, this type of anxiety triggers physical and psychological symptoms that hinder the subject from working, leaving home, having a social life in general, and doing everyday things. This type of anxiety is characterized by a highly disproportionate concern with ordinary and everyday situations. It is accompanied by two or more symptoms such as restlessness, fatigue, irritability, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance, which lasts for more than six months.
Symptoms Of Anxiety
Anxiety can generate different psychological and physical symptoms, depending on each person, but the most common symptoms of anxiety are:
Psychic Symptoms Of Anxiety
- Irrational fears
- Exaggerated Concern
- Unrealistic view of problems
Physical Symptoms Of Anxiety
- The emergence of tremors or spasms
- Getting tired easily
- Difficulty concentrating;
- Gastritis, stomach pains, and nausea.
- Muscle tension;
- Sleep disorders (difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep and feeling unsatisfactory sleep)
These symptoms need to remain on most days, around six months, for a possible diagnosis of GAD. Yet, a professional assessment is necessary since it can be associated with several other diseases and mental disorders. Selegiline an antidepressant from the MOA inhibitors can be used to cure anxiety.