Understand LTE and Its Popularity

Introduction –

Many people would like to know about LTE. Till now, they must have seen this word appear on the mobile screen at the top. And, several people re there who have this query as to what is lte? LTE stands for long-term evolution, and it is a 4G, i.e., 4th generation wireless standard, which offers increased network connectivity, ability, and speed for mobile phones and other kinds of mobile phones with 3G technology. It also offers high data transfer rates compared to 3G; in the beginning, it will reach up to 100 MBPS downstream and around 30 MBPS upstream. LTE also offers reduced latency and bandwidth that is scalable, along with backward compatibility with the present GSM (global system for mobile communication) and UMTS (universal mobile telecommunication service). The following development of LTE-A, i.e., LTE-Advanced, produced a peak throughput on the order of 300 MBPS.

LTE’s Roles and Why It’s Called LTE-

It plays a direct role in the creation of the present 5G standard, also known as 5G new radio. Earlier, 5G networks were known as NSA-5G, i.e., non-standalone 5G. And this required the 4G LTE control plane for the management of 5G data sessions. Another thing that you ought to know is that the NSA 5G network can be organised and supported by the present 4G network framework, reducing operating expenses and cutting the cost for operators producing 5G. LTE is known as “long-term evolution” because the 3G Partnership Project, also known as 3GPP, developed it. This standard was labelled as the next step in the mobile telecommunication progress and follows the 3G UMTS and 2G GSM specifications. So, LTE is mostly known as 4G LTE. Also, one fact that you should know is that LTE does not really qualify for true 4G.

The LTE Network’s Operation

Another thing you ought to know is that the long-term evolution uses the multiuser variant of the OFDM (also known as orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) modulation scheme, called the OFDMA—orthogonal frequency division multiple access—for its downlink signal. OFDMA allows the long-term evolution (LTE) downlink to transfer the data from a base (main) station to several users at a high data rate compared to 3G, and that too with enhanced spectral efficacy. Single carrier FDMA is used for the uplink signal, which reduces the transmit power needed for the mobile terminal. The outer layers of the LTE are based on the internet protocol, also known as transmission control protocol, which results in an all-internet protocol network, like that of a wired communication. LET also aids mixed data, video, voice, and messaging traffic.

Popularity of LTE –

Several different telephone firms launched LTE at distinct hours and in distinct countries. Some of the European phone carriers adopted the standard in 2009, whereas the North American carriers introduced it in 2010 and 2011. In the year 2019, it was reported that South Korea provided the highest LTE speeds, with a regular mobile download speed of more than 50 MBPS. It was also found that across 87 countries, the regular availability of 4G networks was around 80%. Then, in the year 2020, the 3 big United States mobile carriers – scored around 90% and above in the category of 4G availability. Now, 4G LTE and also 5G are changing the 3G in North America and Western Europe and hopefully, the major 3G networks have been shut down as was scheduled in 2022.