About the Exchange Hotel

Before the Civil War, the Exchange Hotel with its high ceiling parlors and grand veranda welcomed passengers from the two rail lines: the Virginia Central Railroad and the Alexandria Railroad.

Drawing of an 1860s trainAfter the war started the railroads were used to transport troops, supplies, and the wounded to Gordonsville where the Exchange Hotel became a Receiving Hospital.  By the end of the war, the Gordonsville Receiving Hospital provided care for 70,000 soldiers, both Confederate and Union.

In the reconstruction period, this hospital served the newly freed slaves as a Freedman’s Bureau. As the United States healed and the railroads boomed, this elegant building returned to its role of the hotel.



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